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Ovarian and Cervical Cancer

Ovarian and Cervical Cancer

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Cervical Cancer:

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cervical cells — the lower section of the uterus that leads to the vagina.

Different strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a part in causing the majority of cervical cancers.

Symptoms:

  • Vaginal bleeding during intercourse, between periods, or after menopause.
  • Watery, bloody vaginal discharge that could be thick and have a bad smell.
  • vaginal pain after sex

Prevention:

Go for routine Pap tests:

Pap tests can predict precancerous conditions in the cervix so that they can be controlled or treated to avoid cervical cancer. Many medical associations recommend starting regular Pap tests at the age of 21 and repeating them every two years.

HPV vaccine:

Vaccination to avoid HPV infection can reduce the risk of cervical cancer and other HPV-related cancers. Ask the doctor if the HPV vaccine is suitable for you. Two vaccines, Cervarix and Gardasil, are readily accessible to prevent forms of HPV that cause the most cervical cancers, as well as anal cancers in males. Your doctor will determine your dosing schedule with you.

Practice safe sex:

Reduce the chances of cervical cancer by taking precautions to avoid sexually transmitted diseases, such as condom use any time you have sex, and by limiting the number of sexual partners you have. But while condoms help reduce the risk of acquiring HPV-related diseases, including cervical cancer, be mindful that HPV can target areas that are not covered by condoms, condoms may not completely protect against HPV. That’s why, in addition to using contraceptives, it’s important to get the HPV vaccine.

Quit Smoking:

Using tobacco raises the chances of developing cervical cancer. Studies have shown that tobacco by-products affect the DNA of cervical cells and can lead to the growth of Pregnancy and Cervical Cancer. Don’t start, if you don’t smoke. Speak to the doctor about ways to help you stop if you smoke.

Ovarian Cancer:

The ovaries are two female reproductive glands that develop ova or egg. They are also involved in producing both of the female hormones, estrogen, and progesterone. Ovarian cancer develops as irregular cells in the ovaries tend to grow out of control and develop a tumor. If left unchecked, the tumor can spread to other parts of the body. This is considered metastatic ovarian cancer.

Ovarian cancer also has warning signs, but the early symptoms are unclear and easy to dismiss. Twenty percent of ovarian cancers have been identified at an early stage.

Symptoms of ovarian cancer:

There is a symptom of Ovarian and Cervical Cancer

  • abnormal fullness after eating
  • difficulty eating
  • an increase in urination
  • an increased urge to urinate

Types of ovarian cancer:

The type of cell in which the cancer starts defines the type of ovarian cancer you have. Types of ovarian cancer include:

Epithelial tumors begin in a thin layer of tissue that covers the outside of the ovary. 90 percent of ovarian cancer is mostly epithelial tumors.

Stromal tumors begin in the ovary tissue that includes hormone-producing cells. These cancers are typically diagnosed earlier than most ovarian tumors. About 7% of ovarian cancers are stromal.

Germ cell tumors that begin in egg-producing cells. This rare ovarian cancer appears to be found in younger people.

Prevention:

There is no sure way to avoid prevention of Ovarian and Cervical Cancer. However, there could be ways to reduce your risk:

Take Oral Birth Control Pills. Ask your doctor if your birth control pills might be right for you. Women who use oral contraception may have a decreased risk of acquiring ovarian cancer. Yet oral contraceptives can have drawbacks, so decide whether the advantages outweigh such risks depending on your circumstance.

Discuss your risk factors with your doctor. If you have a genetic history of breast and ovarian cancer, bring all this up with the doctor. Your doctor will tell you what this could mean about your own risk of cancer. In certain cases, your doctor may refer you to a genetic counselor who will help you determine if genetic testing may be suitable for you. If you have a gene mutation that raises the risk of ovarian cancer, you can need surgery to remove your ovaries to prevent cancer.

Breastfeeding:

Evidence suggests that women who breastfeed multiple children for more than 31 months could decrease their risk of ovarian cancer by up to 91% compared to women who breastfeed for less than 10 months.

Pregnancy:

Women who have ever had a full-term pregnancy have a 29% lower chance of ovarian cancer compared to women who have never been pregnant. For women who were never pregnant, the chance of acquiring ovarian cancer was 34 per 100,000 per year.

Conclusion:

Cervical Cancer and Ovarian Cancer, both are related to the female reproductive system. This is why these may also cause many other complications if not treated or prevented. Both of the cancers are named on the site they affect. Although these things can help to minimize the risk of having either of them, they are not prescribed for all, and there are risks and benefits associated with both. Avoiding risk factors may lower the risk, but this does not guarantee that you will not have cancer. Speak to your doctor about how you can reduce your risk.


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