Disability is any form of physical/ psychological impairment that affects an individual. According to statistics by WHO, about 15% of the world’s population lives with a disability and about 2-4 percent of this group of people suffer from remarkable difficulties.
Many people who suffer from disability tend to use technological aids such as wheelchairs, hearing aids, low/high vision devices, talking aids, etc.
Generally, disability is a condition that is more frequent in women than in men, younger people and it is also very common in developing countries. This is mostly because of inadequate health care services.
People suffering from any form of disability will generally experience instability in health, limited intellectual capacity, and low chances of getting employed and as a result of these, such people end up living in poverty. This article on Disability and Vitamins gives an insight into how to fight disabilities with mineral compounds in the food we eat.
TYPES OF DISABILITIES:
1) Visual Disability: if a person has lost about 10% of their normal vision can be termed “legally blind” statistics hold that 90% of people with visual disabilities are just suffering from impairment while the other 10% are totally blind. Visual disability can be caused by;
– Glaucoma, Diabetes, Retinal detachment, Retinitis pigmentosa, Cataracts, etc.
2) Hearing disabilities: a person who has completely lost his hearing, or has profound hearing problems can be called “deaf.”
3) Physical Disability: this has to do with mobility impairment which can be acute pain, less pain, or no pain at all.
4) Intellectual Disabilities: these are some intellectual impairment that limits a person’s ability to learn. It can be caused by illnesses in pregnant women, genetic conditions, etc.
None the less, health impairment or disabilities can be controlled and treated with the proper consumption of adequate vitamins.
A Vitamin is an essential class of food, nutrient, and compound which the organism requires in appropriate amounts. It should however be noted that not all vitamins are appropriate for the human organism. There are different types of vitamins that function differently, and that have different roles, depending on the reason for which it is consumed.
Types Of Vitamins:
Every vitamin is an organic food substance, which can only be gotten from living things such as animals and plants. Diets and supplements are the two ways through which the human body can get vitamins. This is because it is not possible for the body to synthesize or produce vitamins by itself. If vitamins are absent from the organism, the body will experience disabilities and consequently, there will be malfunctioning.
Vitamins are very important for a person’s growth, physical fitness, and vitality. They also play an important role in the prevention and cure of certain diseases and malformations. They can be categorized by their natural/ biological and chemical activities.
There are 13 vitamins in total needed by the human body. These vitamins are;
A, C, D, E ,K, B-6 ,B-12, Folate, Biotin, Thiamine, Riboflavin, Niacin, Pantothenic acid.
NB:- It is possible to get all vitamins directly from food.
-In order to have vitamin B-12, vegetarians may need to take supplements.
Amongst these 13 vitamins; there are 09 water-soluble vitamins ( vitamin C and 8B vitamins) while the other 4 vitamins are fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K.)
Disability and Vitamin:
1) Visual disability can be prevented and cured with a proper intake of vitamin A. Beta carotene in vitamin A, fights free radicals that that cause visual diseases. Vitamin A can be gotten from; egg yolk, dark green vegetables, and fruits, liver, beef, fish, dairy products.
Other vitamins that are important to maintaining healthy sight are; vitamin C, E, Zinc.
2) Hearing Disability can become a thing of the past if we increase our intake of omega 3 fats and vitamin D foods salmon fish, sardines, tuna, mackerel, orange roughly, fortified cereals. The body is able to produce vitamin D after exposure to sunlight. A constant intake of antioxidants like beans, eggs, nuts, and broccoli can reduce the chances of hearing loss to about 20%.
Other vitamins that reduce hearing loss are vitamin C, E, Zinc, magnesium.
3) Physical Disability is generally handled with the appropriate intake of vitamin D foods like fortified cereals, fish liver oil or cod liver oil, cheese yogurt, butter, salmon, mackerel, and supplements. This is because vitamin D helps the body absorb a great deal of calcium which is very vital for strong bones and teeth.
4) Intellectual Disability can be treated with vitamin D. Since this vitamin is very important for the functioning of different metabolic processes. People with intellectual inabilities suffer a great shortage of Vitamin D which explains the malformation of intellectual capacity.
Conclusively, if we must fight disability in all its forms, then we must make a conscious effort to step up our intake of various vitamins in the right amounts and to take supplements in the absence of adequate foods.